VIT – Verim İnşaat Turizm Ltd.

Beekeeping in Turkey

Beekeeping has been done in Turkey for centuries. Aside from knowledge and expertise, technical and scientific research has played an important role in its advancements. Turkey is ranked fourth in the world in the amount of beehives and seventh in honey production*. Due to the country’s rich herbal life, diverse climates, and large rural population Turkey will be a top honey producing country for years to come.

The biggest challenge of beekeeping is the ineffectiveness of chemical pesticides and their residual effects left in the honey. The honey that is produced in this manner does not meet international standards and does not get exported. Instead they are sold domestically. This creates problems in the domestic market, as the honey is not sold in a timely manner or at-value.

Another problem for beekeepers is a parasite, the varroa mite. Varroa was identified in Indian honeybees by the etymologist Jacobsoni in 1904 and was thus named after him (varroa jacobsoni). Varroa mites feed on honeybee hemolymph during their larva, pupa and adult stage. Sometimes they can quickly reproduce without any clinical indications. Without remedy they will breed new generations. This leads to significant losses in both honey bee population and honey production.

At a phase of adaptation to the European Union where organic agriculture and livestock breeding are rapidly growing and chemical pesticides are being prohibited, Turkey must adapt in these fields as well. Also the obligation to use drugs that promote bee health and pesticides without chemical residual side effects increases everyday. Due to this, Turkish beekeepers have the ability to quickly adapt and will be able to easily export organic honey without any chemical residue. As it has been successfully used worldwide, the organic veterinary drug THYMOVAR® is an important solution for beekeepers to use against the varroa mite.

However, just using THYMOVAR® is not the only way to make organic honey, honeybees need to collect flower pollen in order to make honey. As a result of this, chemical pesticides cannot be used in the areas where the bees collect their pollen. All the efforts that are made for organic honey will be worth it as both the honey producer and customer will win in the end!

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